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英國將恢復PSW簽證 留學生畢業後可留英兩年

英國脫歐進程一波三折,但留學政策卻迎來利好。特雷莎梅在擔任英國內政大臣期間取消的PSW簽證即將恢復,按照最新政策,在英國的海外留學生畢業後可以停留兩年。

 

Cambridge University. [Photo by Tan Xi/For China Daily]

Foreign students will be allowed to stay in the UK for two years after graduating, in a policy U-turn on post-visa studies.

英國留學生畢業後留英政策出現轉向,將允許留學生畢業後在英國停留兩年。

 

International students are currently only permitted to remain in the UK for up to four months after completing their studies under rules that were introduced by Theresa May when she was the Home Secretary.

特雷莎梅在擔任英國內政大臣期間規定,留學生在完成學業後,只允許在英國停留至多4個月。目前仍在執行這一政策。

 

The new strategy, announced by the Prime Minister, is aimed at boosting the appeal of Britain as a university destination for overseas students.

英國首相鮑里斯宣布的新戰略旨在提高英國作為海外學生留學目的地的吸引力。

 

From 2021, international students who enroll on undergraduate, postgraduate or PhD courses in the UK will be able to stay in the country for two years after they graduate.

從2021年起,在英國就讀本科、研究生或博士課程的留學生將能夠在畢業後留在英國兩年。

 

Under European Union (EU) laws, tuition fees for British and EU students are capped at 9,250 per year, but there is no limit on what universities can charge international students.

根據歐盟法律,英國和歐盟其他國家的學生每年的學費上限為9250英鎊(約合人民幣81220元),但大學對留學生的收費沒有限制。

cap [kp]:vt.覆蓋;勝過

 

Recruiting international students has become an important revenue stream for universities, with many investing large amounts of money in marketing themselves overseas as well as paying agents to drum up business in target countries.

對大學來說,招收留學生已成為一項重要的收入來源,許多大學投入大量資金在海外做推廣,並向中介機構付費,以在目標國家招生。

revenue stream:收入來源,收益流

drum up business:推動業務發展,招攬生意

Chinese students, with their counterparts from across the globe, in Britain. Photos Provided to China Daily

University chiefs welcomed the move, with Alistair Jarvis, chief executive of Universities UK, saying: “For too long the lack of post-study work opportunities in the UK has put us at a competitive disadvantage in attracting those students,” he said.

大學校長們對此表示歡迎。英國大學聯合會首席執行官阿里斯泰爾賈維斯說:“長期以來,由於英國缺乏畢業後的工作機會,我們在吸引留學生方面處於劣勢。”

 

”We strongly welcome this policy change, which will put us back where we belong as a first choice study destination.”

“我們非常歡迎這一政策的改變,這將使我們重新成為首選的留學目的地。”

 

But Alp Mehmet, chairman of Migration Watch UK, warned that the move is an “unwise and retrograde step”.

但英國移民觀察組織的阿爾普梅米特警告稱,這是“不明智的倒退”。

retrograde [‘retrgred]:adj.倒退的;退化的

 

He said: “Our universities are attracting a record number of overseas students so there is no need to devalue a study visa by turning it into a backdoor route for working here.”

他說:“英國的大學正在吸引創紀錄數量的海外學生,因此沒有必要將學習簽證貶值,把它變成在這里工作的後門。”

 

Boris Johnson’s announcement is a reversal of from the reforms introduced by the Home Office in 2012, when Mrs May scrapped the post-study work visa which had allowed non-EU students to stay in the UK and work for up to two years after graduation.

鮑里斯約翰遜的聲明與英國內政部2012年推行的改革背道而馳。 2012年,特雷莎梅取消了允許非歐盟學生在畢業後留在英國工作兩年的畢業後工作簽證。

post-study work visa:PSW簽證,英國政府自2008年6月30日正式引入,簽證有效期為兩年。 PSW旨在讓留學生畢業後,有兩年的時間在英國找工作或者開展商業活動。

 

There are currently 460,000 foreign university students in the UK, generating 20 billion per year through education exports – which includes income from international students, English language training and education technology solutions being sold worldwide.

目前,英國有46萬名留學生。教育出口行業每年為英國帶來200億英鎊的收入,其中一些來自留學生,還有一些來自在全球銷售的英語培訓和教育技術解決方案。

 

A report published earlier this year found that foreign students who study at university in the UK go on to earn up to 50 percent more than their British classmates.

今年早些時候發表的一份報告發現,在英國讀大學的留學生收入比其英國同學高出多達50%。

 

Maths graduates from the UK earn an average of 33,100 five years after they complete their degree, while their peers from outside of Europe earn 48,600, according to the study by the Higher Education Policy Institute.

英國高等教育政策研究所的研究顯示,英國數學專業畢業生在畢業5年後的平均年薪為3.31萬英鎊,而歐洲以外地區的同齡人平均年薪為4.86萬英鎊。

 

Meanwhile, Economics graduates earn an average of 37,900 after five years if they are from Britain compared to 45,700 if they are from overseas. In both subjects, students from other European Union (EU) countries earn more than their British classmates but less than those from outside the EU.

與此同時,經濟學專業的英國學生畢業五年後平均年薪為3.79萬英鎊,而海外學生畢業五年後的平均年薪為4.57萬英鎊。在這兩門專業中,來自歐盟其他國家的學生比其英國同學收入高,但比來自歐盟以外國家的學生收入低。

 

Gavin Williamson, the Education Secretary, said: “The important contribution international students make to our country and universities is both cultural and economic.

英國教育大臣加文威廉姆森說:“留學生對英國和英國大學做出的重要貢獻,既有文化上的,也有經濟上的。”

 

“Our universities thrive on being open global institutions. Introducing the graduate route ensures our prestigious higher education sector will continue to attract the best talent from around the world to global Britain.”

“我們的大學因成為開放的全球機構而蓬勃發展。改革後的留學生留英政策確保我們享有盛譽的高等教育部門將繼續吸引來自全球的優秀人才到英國留學。”

 

英文來源:每日電訊報

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